Jayalalithaa Jayaram (Tamil: ஜெயலலிதா ஜெயராம் (Kannada: ಜಯಲಲಿತಾ ಜಯರಾಂ) ; born 24 February 1948) commonly referred to as J. Jayalalitha, is the Chief Minister of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. She is the incumbent general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), a Dravidian party. She is called Amma (English: Mother) and Puratchi Thalaivi (English: Revolutionary Leader) by her followers. She was a successful film actor in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Hindi before entering politics.
Jayalalithaa was born on 24 February 1948 in a typical Mandyam Iyengar family and was also known at that time as Komalavalli. She was born in Melukote in Pandavapura taluk of Mandya district, Karnataka near to the city of Mysore. Her grandfather was in the service of the then Mysore kingdom as a surgeon, and the prefix Jaya has been added to all the names in the family to reflect their association with Maharaja His Late Highness Sir Sri Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar of Mysore. Jayalalithaa’s father, who had been a wealthy lawyer, died when she was two years old having lost all of his money. Her mother then moved with her children to Bangalore, where Jayalalithaa's maternal grandparents lived. Her mother eventually began to work as an actress in Tamil cinema, based in Chennai and having taken the screen name of Sandhya. While in Bangalore, Jayalalithaa attended Bishop Cotton Girls' High School. She completed her childhood education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent or Presentation Church Park Convent) in Chennai. She excelled at school and has said that she was offered a government scholarship to pursue further education and that her ambition was to become a lawyer, but that the financial position of her family prevented this. She appears not to have taken up a place offered to her at Stella Maris College, Chennai.
Early career Her mother persuaded her to work in films when Jayalalitha was still in school, taking assurances from producers that shooting would take place only during summer vacations and that she would not miss her classes. Jayalalitha acted in an English language film, Epistle, released in 1961. She made her debut as the lead actress in Kannada films while still in school, aged 15, in Chinnada Gombe (1964).  She got her first break in Tamil movie industry in Vennira Aadai (1965), directed by C. V. Sridhar. The following year, she made her debut in Telugu cinema with the film Manushulu Mamathalu. She was the first heroine to appear in skirts in Tamil films. Between 1965 and 1972 she acted frequently with M. G. Ramachandran and she also worked with B. Saroja Devi in Arasa Kattali. Her other early roles were in suspense films such as Naan and comedies such as Galatta Kalyanam. Later career In 1972, Jayalalithaa acted in Pattikada Pattanama opposite sivaji ganeshan, which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil. The film also won her a Filmfare Award for Best Actress – Tamil. She was the first recipient of Filmfare Award for Best Actress – Tamil and Filmfare Award for Best Actress – Telugu when the categories were introduced in 1972. Her performance in Suryakanthi and Chandradhoyam were critically acclaimed and the former won her another Filmfare Award for Best Actress – Tamil in 1973. Her other films with Sivaji Ganesan include Galatta Kalyanam and Deiva Magan. Deiva Magan also holds the distinction of being the first ever Tamil film to be submitted by India in contest for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. She continued pairing up with younger actors such as Ravichandran and Jaishankar in a number of films such as Vairam, Baghdad Perazhagi. Later Tamil films in which she acted included Kandan Karunai and she also starred in Bollywood films, initially in Izzat, which saw her paired with Dharmendra. She also established her popularity in Telugu films, including Sri Krishna Satya. Her last film was Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal which released in 1980.
Year Film Language Co-stars Director Notes 1961 Epistle English; Shankar V. Giri Debut film in English Shrishaila Mahatme Aruru Pattabhi 1964 Mane Aliya S. K. Ananthachari Chinnada Gombe Kannada B. R. Panthulu Debut film in Kannada Muradhan Muthu B. R. Panthulu 1965 Mavana Magalu S. K. Ananthachari Manushulu Mamathalu K. Pratyagatma Nee Tamil Jaishankar Ayirathil Oruvan Tamil M.G. Ramachandran B. R. Panthulu Vennira Aadai Tamil Srikanth C. V. Sridhar Debut film in Tamil Kannithai Tamil M.G. Ramachandran M. A. Thirumugham Nanna Kartavya Vedantam Raghavaiah 1966 Muharassi Tamil M.G. Ramachandran M. A. Thirumugham Thanipiravi Tamil M.G. Ramachandran M. A. Thirumugham Astiparulu V. Madhusudhana Rao Chandrodyam Tamil M.G. Ramachandran K. Shankar Kanni Pilla Badukuva Daari K. S. Prakash Rao Gauri Kalyanam K. Shankar Major Chandrakanth Kailasham Balachander Mani Makudam S. S. R. Ame Evaru B. S. Narayana Kumari Penn Tamil Ravichandran Ramanna Navarathri T. Rama Rao Yar Nee Tamil Jaishankar Sathyam Goodachari 116 M. Mallikarjuna Rao Motor Sundaram Pillai Tamil Ravichandran, Sivaji Ganesan Balu 1967 Thaikku Thalaimagan Tamil M.G. Ramachandran M. A. Thirumugham Apoorva Piravigal G. Vishwanathan Naan Tamil Ravichandran T. R. Ramanna Madi Veetu Mappilai Tamil Ravichandran S. K. Ananthachari Arasa Kattalai Tamil M.G. Ramachandran, Saroja Devi M. G. Chakrapani Chikkadu Dorakadu B. Vittalacharya Gopaludu Bhoopaludu G. Vishwanathan Kavalkaran Tamil M.G. Ramachandran P. Neelakantan Kandhan Karunai Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Sivakumar A. P. Nagarajan Raja Veetu Pillai Tamil Jayalalitha Dada Mirasi 1968 Pannakarai Pillai Tamil Nagesh Jambu Enga Ooru Raja Tamil Sivaji Ganesan P. Madhavan Pudhiya Bhoomi Tapi Chanakya There Thiruvizhu M. A. Thirumugham Baghdad Gaja Donga D. Yoganand Brahmachari T. Rama Rao Panakara Pillai Jambulingam Kudiruntha Koil Tamil M.G. Ramachandran K. Shankar Moonrezuthu Tamil Ravichandran T. R. Ramanna Muthu Chippi M. Krishnan Adrushta Vanthulu V. Madhusudhana Rao Kathal Vaghanam Tamil M.G. Ramachandran M. A. Thirumugham Kaathal Vahanam A. Thirumugam Kanavan Tamil M.G. Ramachandran P. Neelakantan Galatta Kalyanam Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan C. V. Rajendran Sukha Dukhalu I. S. Murthy Bommalattam Tamil Jaishankar V. Srinivasan Kannan En Kathalan Tamil M.G. Ramachandran P. Neelakantan Niluvu Dopidi C. S. Rao Oli Vilakku Tamil M.G. Ramachandran Tapi Chanakya Izzat Hindi Dharmendra Tatineni Prakash Rao Rahasiya Police 115 Tamil M.G. Ramachandran B. R. Panthulu Andru Kanda Mukham G. Ramakrishna Tikka Shankararaiah D. Yoganand Attagaru Kottakodalu A. Sanjivi 1969 Kadaladu Vadaladu B. Vittalacharya Shri Rama Katha B. Padmanabham Adarsha Kutumbam K. Pratyagatma Nam Naadu Tamil M.G. Ramachandran Jambulingam Daiva Magan Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan A. C. Trilogchander Gurudakshinai Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan A. P. Nagarajan Katha Nayakudu K. Hemambharadhara Rao Mattukkara Velan Tamil M.G. Ramachandran, Laxmi P. Neelakantan Gandikota Rahasyam B. Vittalacharya Adimai Penn Tamil M.G. Ramachandran K. Shankar 1970 Anadhai Anandan R. Krishnan Akkachellelu A. Sanjivi Alibaba 40 Dongalu B. Vittalacharya Thedi Vantha Mappillai Tamil M.G. Ramachandran B. R. Panthulu Shri Krishna Vijayam K. Kameshwara Rao Enga Mama Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan A. C. Trilogchander Engal Thangam Tamil MGR R. Krishnan Thalaivan Tamil MGR Singamuthu, P.A. Thomas Dharmadatha A. Sanjeevi Engiruthu Vandhal A. C. Trilogchander En Annan Tamil M.G. Ramachandran P. Neelakantan Pathukappu Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan A. Bhimsingh 1971 Sumathi En Sundari Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan C. V. Rajendran Adi Parasakthi K. S. Gopalakrishnan Annai Velanganni Tamil Gemini Ganeshan K. Thankappan Savale Samali Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan Malliyam Rajagopal Thanga Gopuram M. S. Solaimalai Bharya Biddalu T. Rama Rao Kumari Kottam Tamil M.G. Ramachandran Oru Thai Makkal P. Neelakantan Neerum Neruppum Tamil M.G. Ramachandran P. Neelakantan 1972 Annamitta Kai Tamil M.G. Ramachandran M. Krishnan Pattikada Pattanama Sivaji Ganeshan P. Madhavan Won, Filmfare Award for Best Actress - Tamil Devudamma K. V. Nandana Rao Eharmam Engay A. C. Trilogchander Shri Krishna Satya K. V. Reddy Won, Filmfare Award for Best Actress - Telugu Raja Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan M. Karnan Akka Tammudu R. Krishnan Raman Thediya Seethai Tamil M.G. Ramachandran P. Neelakantan Neethi Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan C. V. Rajendran Thikkutheriyatha Kattil N. C. Chakraborty Shakti Leela Ramanna 1973 Devudu Chesina Manushulu V. Ramachandra Rao Baghdad Perazhagi Tamil Ravichandran Ramanna Pattikatu Ponnaiah Tamil M.G. Ramachandran B. S. Ranga Jesus P. A. Thomas Vandhale Magarasi Tamil Jaishankar K. S. Gopalakrishnan Ganga Gauri B. R. Panthulu Suryakanthi Tamil Muthuraman V. Srinivasan Won, Filmfare Award for Best Actress - Tamil Dr. Babu T. Lenin Babu 1974 Anbai Thedi V. Sinivasan Anbu Thangai S. P. Muthuraman Thaai Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan D. Yoganand Iru Deivangal Tamil Gemini Ganeshan D. Yoganand Premalu Pellillu V. Madhusudhana Rao Vairam Tamil Jaishankar Ramanna Thirumangalyam Tamil Muthuraman Aloysius Vincent 1975 Avalukku Ayiram Kangal Ramanna Yarukkum Vetkamillai Cho Avanthan Manithan A. C. Trilogchander Pattum Bharathamum Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan P. Madhavan Neenga Nalla Erukkanum Tamil Sivaji Ganeshan Visu Jayalalitha plays a politician for the very first time in her career. 1976 Kanavan Manaivi A. Bhimsingh Chitra Pournami P. Madhavan 1977 Shri Krishna Leela A. P. Nagarajan Unnai Chutrumugalam G. Subramaniya Reddiar 1980 Nadhiyai Thedi Vandha Kadal Tamil Sharat Babu B. Lenin Playback singing She has also rendered her voice for few songs in Tamil films picturised on herself. Song Movie Singer(s) Lyrics Music Amma Endraal Anbu Adimai Penn J. Jayalalitha Vaali K. V. Mahadevan Oh Meri Dilruba Suryakanthi (1973) T. M. Soundararajan, J. Jayalalitha Vaali M. S. Viswanathan Naan Endraal Adhu Suriyakaanthi (1973) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam & J. Jayalalitha Vaali & Randor Guy M. S. Viswanathan Kangalil Aayiram Vandhaale Maharaasi (1973) T. M. Soundararajan & J. Jayalalitha Vaali Shankar Ganesh Iru Maangani Pol Vairam (1974) S. P. Balasubrahmanyam & J. Jayalalitha Kannadasan T. R. Papa Chithira Mandapathil Anbai Thedi (1974) T. M. Soundararajan & J. Jayalalitha Kannadasan M. S. Viswanathan Thirumangalyam Kollum Murai Thirumangalyam (1974) P. Susheela & J. Jayalalitha Kannadasan M. S. Viswanathan Ulagam Oru Naal Pirandhadhu Thirumangalyam (1974) J. Jayalalitha Kannadasan M. S. Viswanathan Madras Mail Unnai Sutrum Ulagam J. Jayalalitha & L. R. Easwari Vaali Shankar Ganesh Maari Varum Ulaginiley J. Jayalalitha Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan