Born July 9, 1930 (age 81) Nannilam, Madras Presidency, India Occupation Director, producer, screenwriter, actor, stage conductor, television director Years active 1965-present Spouse Rajam K. Balachander (Tamil: கே. பாலசந்தர்; born July 9, 1930) is an Indian film director, screenwriter and producer. Balachander is known for his distinct film-making style. His films analyse unusual or complicated interpersonal relationships and social themes. He has directed nearly 80 films and has worked in 100 films either as director or writer. In his career, he has mainly contributed to the Tamil film industry and is credited with having introduced hundreds of actors and technicians in Tamil Cinema including Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth, Prakash Raj and Vivek. He also owns a production house named Kavithalaya Productions. Besides Tamil cinema, he has directed films in Telugu, Hindi and Kannada languages and occasionally worked as an actor and in television as well. Balachander has won multiple National Film Awards and numerous Filmfare Awards. He was honored with the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award in 1987, and is also a recipient of the ANR National Award from the Government of Andhra Pradesh. In 2011, Balachander was conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema for his contribution to arts. He also holds an Honorary doctorate. He is popularly referred to as Iyakkunar Sikaram (English: (lit.) The top director) in Kollywood.
K Balachander Profile, List of Movies and Awards
Noted film maker from the South, K Balachander was selected for the prestigious Dada Saheb Phalke award for the year 2010. Balachander has directed films in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi and Kannada languages. He was also film producer and screen writer for some films. Balachander born on 9th July 1930. Balachander introduced Super Stars from the South like Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth and Prakash Raj. He produced films on the banner of Kavithalaya Productions. His most popular films in Telugu are Anthuleni Katha (Apoorva Raagangal in Tamil) and Maro Charithra, Aakali Rajyam, Andamaina Anubhavam, Rudra Veena etc. Balachander introduced Mega Star Chiranjeevi to Tamil audience through Idi Katha Kaadu (47 Natkal in Tamil in 1981). Balachander is popularly known as Iyakkunar Sikaram in Kollywood.
Balachander directed Hindi movie ‘Ek Duje Ke Liye’, a remake of Maro Charithra. All the popular actors and actressess such as Sridevi, Jayaprada, Gemini Ganesan, Sarath Babu, Ramesh Aravind, Vivek, Sri Vidya, Sujatha, Geetha, Saritha, Madhavi, Lakshmi etc worked with Balachander. Dada Saheb Phalke Award for 2009 was given to Telugu film maker D. Rama Naidu.
K. Balachander was born on 9 July 1930 in a Tamil Brahmin family to Saraswati and Dhandapani at Nannilam in the then Tanjore district (now Tiruvarur District), India. He completed his B. Sc., (Zoology) in 1949 at Annamalai University. While working in the Accountant General’s Office as a Superintendent in the 1960s, he came to prominence as an amateur playwright with his dynamic plays like Major Chandrakanth, Server Sundaram, Neerkumizhi, Mezhuguvarthi, Naanal and Navagraham. The plays, which were produced and directed by him, were an instant success and enjoyed both popular and critical acclaim. His films always carried a message for the society, with his personal directorial touch.
K. Balachander is known among actors as a tough taskmaster, K. Balachander was able to extract from these actors some of their finest acting performances for his films. He was capable to infuse from these actors some of their finest acting performances for his films. Anterior to his intimacy in Indian cinema, he worked as a school teacher in Muthupet, Tiruvarur District, and as a playwright. It was M. G. Ramachandran who had asked him to write dialogues for the film Dheiva Thaai. His famed films were Tamil productions such as Apoorva Raagangal (1975), which deals with a father-son relationship and inter-generational romance that culminates in a complex quandary. Avargal (1977), which follows the life of a divorcee as she traverses various relationships in reverse, from divorce, to marriage, to falling in love. Varumayin Niram Sigappu (1980), a drama that charts the travails and conflict of being unemployed in a bombastic and harsh city. 47 Natkal (1981), which traces the adversities of a newly-wed Indian woman living with an scurrilous, expatriate husband in a Parisian suburb; and Sindhu Bhairavi (1985), about the intellectual collision and subsequent romance between an lofty Carnatic musician and his ardent female critic. Ek Duuje Ke Liye (1981, Hindi), about cross-cultural romance in India, for which he received two Filmfare nominations - for direction and best story. His Telugu films Maro Charithra and Rudraveena are notably among the best movies ever made in Telugu film Industry. He directed the story about a woman breadwinner taking care of her family in several languages, the Tamil film Aval Oru Thodar Kathai (1974), the Telugu film Anthuleni Katha (1976), and produced the Kannada film Benkiyalli Aralida Hoovu (1983). His later films include Parthale Paravasam (2001) and Poi (2006). To him goes the credit for discovering new talent in acting, direction, and other technical areas, many of whom have made a mark in their respective fields. Rajnikanth, a discovery of Balachandar and Kamal Hassan, whom he moulded into a great actor, prove this. His serials, Kai Alavu Manasu, Rayil Sneham, Kadhal Pagadai, Premi, Jannal Anni and others have been successful. "This medium helps to reach out to the public. That's why I am into making serials," says Balachandar. He strongly feels that the three different medium of entertainment — theatre, cinema and television are bound to co-exist. One cannot destroy the other and at any given time the public will see what it wants. After nearly 40 years, and as a homage to his dear friend Nagesh, KB recently returned (and was "Reborn" as he himself claims) to theatre through the play Pournami, Starring Renuka and Poovilangu Mohan among others, the story is about a homemaker whose husband gets caught in Pakistan under the suspicion of being a terorist.
Balachander is married to Rajam. The couple has 3 children, two sons - Kailasam, Prasanna and one daughter Pushpa Kandaswamy, Chief Executive Officer, Kavithalaya Productions.
K. Balachander is a nine-time winner of National Film Awards. He has received Filmfare Awards on more than 12 occasions. He was bestowed upon Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the highest award in Indian cinema in 2011.
Year Award Honouring body Outcome Ref 1987 Padmashri Government of India Won  Honorary Doctorate
Year Award Honouring body Outcome Ref 2005 Doctor of Letters Sathyabama University Won 2005 Doctor of Letters Alagappa University Won 2007 Doctor of Letters Madras University Won
National Film Awards
Year Film Category Outcome Ref
1969 Iru Kodugal Best Tamil Film Won 1975 Apoorva Raagangal Best Tamil Film Won 1981 Thaneer Thaneer Best Tamil Film Won 1981 Thaneer Thaneer Best Screenplay Won 1984 Achamillai Achamillai Best Tamil Film Won 1988 Rudraveena Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration Won 1991 Oru Veedu Iru Vaasal National Film Award for Best Film on Other Social Issues Won 1992 Roja Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration Won 2011 Dadasaheb Phalke Award Won .
Year Film Category Outcome Ref 1981 Ek Duje Ke Liye Best Screenplay Won  1981 Ek Duje Ke Liye Best Story Nominated Filmfare Awards South Year Film Language Category Outcome Ref 1974 Aval Oru Thodar Kathai Tamil Best Director Won 1975 Apoorva Raagangal Tamil Best Director Won 1978 Maro Charitra Telugu Best Director Won 1980 Varumayin Niram Sivappu Tamil Best Director Won 1981 Thaneer Thaneer Tamil Best Director Won 1984 Achamillai Achamillai Tamil Best Film Won 1984 Achamillai Achamillai Tamil Best Director Won 1985 Sindhu Bhairavi Tamil Best Film Won 1988 Rudraveena Telugu Best Director Won 1992 Roja Tamil Best Film Won 1995 Lifetime Achievement Award Won
International Film Festivals
1977 — Avargal at Moscow International Film Festival 1980 — Varumayin Niram Sigappu at Mauritius International Film Festival
Kalaimamani award from The Government of Tamil Nadu "Anna Award" from the Government of Tamil Nadu in 1992 He has won the "Golden Nandi Award for best feature film" and "Silver Nandi Award" on a number of occasions from the Government of Andhra Pradesh The Andhra Pradesh Government has also awarded him the Nandi Award for Best Screenplay Writer for his film Kokilamma in 1982 and Nandi Award for Best Director for Tholikodi Koosindi in 1981 Kalai Maamedhai title form the Government of Pondichery in 1993 He was adjudged the "Best Film Technician" of the year 1983 by the South Indian Cine Technicians Association "A.V.M Award" from AVM Productions M.G.R Award from the South Indian Cine Technicians Association "Film Fans Association Award" for as many as 29 times in different categories as story writer, director, and producer. "Filmdom Award" in 1992 "'For The Sake of Honour award" from various Rotary Clubs in Tamil Nadu such as Madras West (1987) Dindugal West (1992), Tiruneveli West (1993) and Ambur (1993) Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award in 1995 The Serial Kai Alavu Manasu written and directed by him won the Onida Pinnacle Award in 1995 The Singapore Fans under the Presidentship of Hon Datto Samivelu Minister of Malaysia honoured him with a Lifetime Achievement Award in a very Gala Public Function at the Singapore Stadium in 1996 Dinakaran, a Tamil daily honoured him with a Lifetime Achievement Award in 1996 Central Government Employees Welfare Co-Ordination Committee honoured him with a "For The Sake of Honour Award" in Recognition of his achievements in the field of Arts and Culture through his stage plays, movies and television serials in 1997 "Kalaignar Award" from the Murasoli Trust in 2001 "Thiraippada Ulaga Brahma", a title from the Indian Citizens of Kuwait in 2000 "Bhishma Award" from The Ashram in 2001 "Gnana Kala Bharathi", a title from Bharat Kalachar "Bharathi Award" from the Vanavil Pannbattu Maiyam, Chennai in 2006 "Kalaiulaga Bharathi", a title conferred by the Tamil Fraternity of Abu Dhabi in 2006 "Yuva Kala Vauhini" (Pride of Indian Cinema Award) in 2008 "Lifetime Achievement award" at the International Film Festival of India held in Goa on 30 November 2008 "Lifetime Achievement award" presented by JAYA TV on 24-12-2009 "Natya Kala Vipanchee award", awarded by Balamurali Krishna in 2009 "Dr. M.G.R Award" in 2010 ANR National Award in 2011 References
^ "ANR National award for K Balachander". Sify.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05. ^ K Balachander gets Phalke award, rediff.com 29 April 2011 17:23 IST ^ "Dr.K. Balachander's Profile". Cineherald.com. Retrieved 2011-05-05. ^ "ANR award for filmmaker K. Balachander". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 29 December 2010. ^ "ANR Award for K Balachander - Tamil Movie News". IndiaGlitz. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
As director Year Film Language Main Cast Notes 1965 Neer Kumizhi Tamil Nagesh Naanal Tamil Major Sundar rajan, Srikanth, Sowcar Janaki 1966 Major Chandrakanth Tamil Major Sundarrajan, Nagesh, Muthuraman, Jayalalitha 1967 Bama Vijayam Tamil Muthuraman, Nagesh, Major Sundarrajan,Sowcar Janaki, Kanchana, Jayanthi Anubavi Raja Anubavi Tamil Nagesh, Muthuraman 1968 Ethir Neechal Tamil Nagesh, Jayanthi Thamarai Nenjam Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Saroja Devi Bale Kodalu Telugu 1969 Poova Thalaya Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Jaishankar, Nagesh Sattekalapu Satteya Telugu Chalam, Roja Ramani (as Child Artist) Iru Kodugal Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Sowcar Janaki, Jayanthi Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil 1970 Patham Pasali Tamil Ethiroli Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Sivakumar Navagraham Tamil Lakshmi, Nagesh, Srikanth Kaviya Thalaivi Tamil Gemini Ganesan 1971 Naangu Suvargal Tamil Jaishankar, Ravichandran Nootrukku nooru Tamil Jaishankar, Lakshmi, Srividya, Kamal Hassan Bomma Borusa Telugu Chandra Mohan, S. Varalakshmi Punnagai Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Muthuraman, Nagesh, 1972 Kanna Nalama Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Jayanthi, Kamal Hassan Velli Vizha Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Jayanthi 1973 Arangetram Tamil Sivakumar, Pramila, Kamal Hassan, Jayachitra, Jayasudha Sollathaan Ninaikkiren Tamil Sivakumar, Kamal Hassan, Jayachitra, Srividya, Jayasudha 1974 Naan Avanillai Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Lakshmi, Kamal Hassan, Jayasudha Aval Oru Thodar Kathai Tamil Sujatha, Kamal Hassan, Jaiganesh, Sripriya Aaina Hindi Rajesh Khanna, Mumtaz, Kamal Hassan Remake of Tamil movie Arangetram 1975 Apoorva Raagangal Tamil Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth, Srividya, Jayasudha Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil 1976 Manmadha Leelai Tamil Kamal Hassan, Jayaprada, Y.Vijaya Dubbed into Telugu as Manmadha Leelalu Anthuleni Katha Telugu Rajinikanth, Jayaprada, Sripriya, Phataphat Jayalakshmi, Kamal Hassan Moondru Mudichu Tamil Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth, Sridevi 1977 Avargal Tamil Kamal Hassan , Rajinikanth, Sujatha Pattina Pravesam Tamil Delhi Ganesh 1978 Nizhal Nijamagiradhu Tamil Kamal Hassan, Sarath Babu, Shobha, Sumithra Maro Charithra Telugu Kamal Hassan, Saritha, Madhavi Thappu Thalangal Tamil Rajinikanth, Saritha, Kamal Hassan Thappida Thala Kannada Rajinikanth, Saritha, Kamal Hassan 1979 Ninaithale Inikkum Tamil Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth, Jayaprada Rajinikanth played a supporting role as a guitarist Andamaina Anubhavam Telugu Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth, Jayaprada, Geetha Nool Veli Tamil Sarath Babu, Sujatha, Saritha Guppedu Manasu Telugu Saritha Idi Katha Kaadu Telugu Chiranjeevi, Kamal Hassan, Jayasudha 1980 Varumayin Niram Sigappu Tamil Kamal Hassan, Sridevi 1981 Aakali Rajyam Telugu Kamal Hassan, Sridevi, Rajendra Prasad Aadavallu Meeku Joharulu Telugu Chiranjeevi, Jayasudha Enga Ooru Kannagi Tamil Seema Tholikodi Koosindi Telugu Jeeva, Jayasudha Thillu Mullu Tamil Rajinikanth, Madhavi, Kamal Hassan Remake of Gol Maal Thaneer Thaneer Tamil Saritha Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil Ek Duuje Ke Liye Hindi Kamal Hassan, Rati Agnihotri 47 Natkal Tamil Chiranjeevi, Jayaprada, Saritha, Sarath Babu 47 Rojulu Telugu Chiranjeevi, Jayaprada, Saritha, Sarath Babu 1982 Agni Sakshi Tamil Sivakumar, Saritha 1983 Benkiyalli Aralida Hoovu Kannada Suhasini Ratnam Poikkal Kuthirai Tamil Suhasini Ratnam Zara Si Zindagi Hindi Kamal Hassan, Anitha Raj Kokilamma Telugu Saritha 1984 Ek Nai Paheli Hindi Raaj Kumar, Kamal Hassan, Hema Malini, Suresh Oberoi Achamillai Achamillai Tamil Rajesh, Saritha Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil Eradu Rekhagalu Kannada 1985 Kalyana Agathigal Tamil Nasser, Saritha, Y.Vijaya Sindhu Bhairavi Tamil Sivakumar, Suhasini Maniratnam, Sulochana Mugila Malligey Kannada 1986 Sundara Swapnagalu Kannada Ramesh Arvind Punnagai Mannan Tamil Kamal Hassan, Revathi, Srividya Dubbed into Telugu as DanceMaster 1987 Manathil Uruthi Vendum Tamil Suhasini Maniratnam, Ramesh Arvind, Vivek 1988 Rudraveena Telugu Chiranjeevi, Shobhana, Gemini Ganesan Won, Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration Unnal Mudiyum Thambi Tamil Kamal Hassan, Seetha 1989 Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal Tamil Rahman, Sithara, Geetha 1990 Oru Veedu Iru Vasal Tamil Livingston, Ganesh, Kumaresh Won, National Film Award for Best Film on Other Social Issues 1991 Azhagan Tamil Mammootty, Bhanupriya, Geetha, Madhoo 1992 Vaaname Ellai Tamil Anand Babu, Prithvi Raj, Ramya Krishnan, Madhoo Dhilon Ka Rishta Hindi 1993 Jathi Malli Tamil Kushboo, Vineeth 1994 Duet Tamil Prabhu Ganesan, Meenakshi Seshadri, Ramesh Arvind 1996 Kalki Tamil Rahman, Prakash Raj, Sruthi 2001 Paarthale Paravasam Tamil Madhavan, Simran, Sneha 100th film 2006 Poi Tamil Uday Kiran, Vimala Raman As writer Year Film Language Credit Notes 1964 Dheiva Thaai Tamil Dialogue 1964 Server Sundaram Tamil Story 1965 Poojaikku Vandha Malar Tamil Story 1965 Neelanam Tamil Story 1965 Unnchje Luck Hindi Story 1966 Urandhakallu Oesthu Naaru Jackraga Telugu Story 1968 Suga Dhukalu Telugu Story 1968 Teen Bahuraniyan Hindi story 1969 Chiranjeevi Telugu Story 1970 Saamparallaram Babu Telugu Story 1970 Beekara Nimishangal Malayalam Story 1971 Bomma Borusa Telugu story 1971 Moogabrama Telugu Story 1971 Luckoon May Ek Hindi Story 1971 Mine Sundar Urain Hindi Story 1972 Haar Jeet Hindi story 1972 Aaradi Mannita Jenmay Malayalam story 1974 Aval Oru Thodar Kathai Tamil story, screenplay 1974 Naan Avanillai Tamil story, screenplay 1974 Jeevitha Rangam Telugu story 1974 Aaina Hindi Story, screenplay 1975 Apoorva Raagangal Tamil story, screenplay 1976 Manmadha Leelai Tamil story, screenplay 1976 Thoorpu Padamara Telugu Story, Screenplay 1976 Anthuleni Katha Telugu story, screenplay 1977 Avargal Tamil story, screenplay 1978 Bala Brikshanam Malayalam Story 1978 Maro Charithra Telugu story, screenplay 1979 Idi Katha Kaadu Telugu story, screenplay 1979 Kazhagan Malayalam Story 1981 Thaneer Thaneer Tamil story, screenplay Won, National Film Award for Best Screenplay 1984 Achamillai Achamillai Tamil story, screenplay 1985 Sindhu Bhairavi Tamil story, screenplay
Year Film Cast Notes 2006 Poi Uday Kiran, Vimala Raman Cameo appearance 2010 Rettaisuzhi Bharathiraja, Jayachitra, Anjali Lead role
Main article: Kavithalaya Productions K. Balachander produces films under the banner Kavithalayaa Productions.
K. Balachander is known for introducing new faces to the film industry. He has introduced over 100 actors in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada languages. Balachander also had long associations with some senior artists in the South Indian film industry like Gemini Ganesan, Sowcar Janaki, Nagesh and Muthuraman. Even though he was not the one to discover them, he played a prominent role in shaping their career. The following refers to a limited number of film personnel who were either discovered by him or enacted their first major role in a film directed by him. Name Debut film Major role Notes Kamal Hassan Yes Worked in 36 films Rajinikanth Yes Yes Chiranjeevi Yes A.R.Rahman Yes Yes Roja was produced by Balachander Jaishankar Srikanth Yes Sivakumar Yes Jaiganesh Yes Yes Y. G. Mahendran Yes Yes Radha Ravi Yes Prakash Raj Yes Mentored by K.B Also acted in some Television serials of Balachander Sarath Babu Yes S. V. Shekhar Yes Nassar Yes Ramesh Aravind Yes Yes Introduced by K.B in 3 languages Vivek Yes Yes Rahman Yes The only actor from Malayalam to be nurtured by K.B Charle Yes Yes Jayanthi Yes Lakshmi Yes Jayasudha Yes Yes Srividya Yes Jayachitra Yes Sripriya Yes Sujatha Yes Jayaprada Yes Yes Her first starring role was in Anthuleni Katha Sridevi Yes Madhavi Yes Saritha Yes Yes Worked in 22 films under Balachander, the most for any actress Geetha Madhoo Yes Yes Yuvarani Yes Yes Vimala Raman Yes Yes Directors who worked under him Ananthu (Co-Director) Kamal Haasan Vasanth Balakumaran Suresh Krishna Saran Selvaraghavan Cheran Visu Vetrimaran Seeman Samuthirakani
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